I plant my garlic in late October or early November. It will do some rooting under the soil but you shouldn’t see any growth above ground until March.
I have never had any issues growing garlic. Plant it in late fall, I usually give it a straw or leaf cover for the winter, uncover once the worst of winter is over, and make sure to cut the scapes if you get a variety that produces them! I have read that once you pull the bulbs they should be removed from sun as soon as possible and dried in a place that won’t get direct sun. I just use a metal wire shelf in my garage.
The other thing I like about garlic is that it lets you get out and garden a bit after the rest of your garden is dead. It’ll also be one of the first plants up in spring, so seeing it poking out of the ground is always exciting. In Michigan, I tend to end up harvesting in early to mid-July when I’m not getting much out of my garden. Rule of thumb I use is to pull it when half of the leaves are brown.