In the very first Shrine on the tutorial plateau, it teaches dodge I think? But yeah, basically jump left, right, or back while locked on in combat dodges in that direction. Time it perfectly as an enemy attacks and you get to do a ‘flurry attack’. You can also block if using a shield.
Weapons breaking in 4 hits doesn’t sound right, even early on. Unless you’re using ‘Rusty’ variants? There are tougher weapons, stuff like hammers and axes. And weapons with bonuses to durability.
But they do break fairly often. Throw them at enemies before they break, when thrown they always do critical (double) damage. Don’t waste better weapons on chaff. Use your abilities. You got arrows, bombs, stealth, mag./stasis/environmental interactions. Cook food/potions; you can boost your hearts, attack, defense.
Or maybe try going in a different direction, and fighting more manageable enemies. Follow the early quest and stick somewhat to the roads until you’re a bit better equipped.
edit: lol. :)