Not a huge surprise. You don't take a huge hit like the dieselgate thing without consequences. I still wonder what the long-term impact will be on VW's North American presence and operations.
The entire landscape of automobile manufacturing and selling is beginning to change, though, with some industry folks like Bob Lutz offering opinions pointing to anything from a massive consolidation to the disappearance of cars as we know 'em. With autonomous cars on the horizon, if a bit dimly still, crossovers/SUVs continuing to destroy traditional models in the marketplace, and the frenzy building to get into electrics--combined with deteriorating infrastructure and the likelihood that any infrastructure work will have to look forward to electrics and autonomous cars, and not backwards to supporting traditional vehicles--you can make a good case that we're in the twilight age of the classic automobile.
Sort of like the dinosaurs after the meteor but before the dust fully settled.